Prevention of Environmental Pollution
In addition to complying with relevant laws and regulations, the ENEOS Group works to maintain and conserve natural resources such as water, soil, and the atmosphere by curbing the further release of environmental pollutants, effectively utilizing water resources, and other measures.
To prevent environmental pollution, we continuously work to mitigate risks by improving our facilities and conducting emergency response and other training drills covering items identified as serious concerns from an environmental perspective through the environmental management system of each company.
For information on our environmental management structure, see Environmental Management.
Initiatives to Reduce the Release of Air Pollutants
- For information about , see the Editorial Policy.
Reducing SOx Emissions
Sulfur oxides (SOx), which are known to cause acid rain, are released into the atmosphere mainly as a component of exhaust gases from combustion facilities.
The ENEOS Group carries out measures such as using fuels with low sulfur content, removing SOx using flue gas desulfurizers, and managing emissions using voluntary standards.
Thirteen thousand tons of SOx were emitted in fiscal 2018, about the same as the previous fiscal year.
Reducing NOx Emissions
Nitrogen oxides (NOx), which are also known to cause acid rain, are released into the atmosphere mainly as a component of exhaust gases from combustion facilities.
The ENEOS Group carries out measures such as using low-NOx boilers at combustion facilities, removing NOx using flue gas denitrizers, and managing emissions using voluntary standards.
Seventeen thousand tons of NOx were emitted in fiscal 2018, an increase of two thousand tons from the previous fiscal year.
Reducing VOC Emissions
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which are thought to produce photochemical oxidants through a photochemical smog reaction with NOx and ultraviolet rays from sunlight, are released from places such as storage facilities for petroleum products.
The ENEOS Group has installed VOC recovery equipment in storage facilities and truck loading facilities.
Fifteen thousand tons of VOCs were released in fiscal 2018, a decrease of one thousand tons from the previous fiscal year. The decrease can be attributed to a decline in the storage and handling volume of gasoline intermediates.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) containing hydrocarbons are released into the air whenever gasoline is pumped from a tank truck into a storage tank at a service station. These VOCs are not only a source of photochemical oxidants, but also cause irritating odors in neighboring communities and can adversely affect the health of both customers and employees.
Therefore, ENEOS has installed recovery equipment on the ventilation ducts of service station storage tanks, which enables tank trucks to recover these VOCs so that they are not released into the atmosphere.
The ENEOS Group's Kiire Terminal recovers, without releasing, the gases that have accumulated inside tankers when loading crude oil, and reuses the VOCs contained in these gases by absorbing them into the crude oil. Gases, including odor-causing ones, that are not absorbed are broken down.
The ENEOS Group was the first in the world to implement this mechanism. This technology is contributing to the advancement of environmental conservation measures and the effective utilization of energy.
VOC Emissions and Reduction Measures at Refineries
Effective Utilization of Water Resources and Reducing the Release of Water Pollutants
Effective Utilization of Water Resources
The ENEOS Group uses water for purposes such as operating and cooling power generation facilities at refineries and smelters. Approximately 90% of this water is seawater.
In fiscal 2018, the volume of water used was 1.74 billion tons, and the water discharge volume was 1.83 billion tons.
For the effective use of water resources, the ENEOS Group recycles approximately 97% of the water used for cooling at its refineries. In addition, to reduce the amount of water used, smelters that use seawater for cooling have partially switched to recycled water.
As part of our continuous efforts to ascertain the status of water resources, we use tools, such as water risk maps from the World Resource Institute, to verify whether the locations of our business sites in Japan and overseas are in areas of elevated water risk.
At the Caserones Copper Mine in Chile, where there is a high risk of drought, approximately 80% of the water used in the production process is recycled. As an operating mine, it has the lowest level in Chile of water usage per ton of ore processed.
At each of its refineries and smelters, the Group has implemented environmental management systems, which are utilized to assess the environmental impact of water usage and respond accordingly.
- For information about , see the Editorial Policy.
ENEOS Group Water Usage and Water Discharge
- For detailed data, see Data.
Reducing the Release of Water Pollutants
We manage and monitor pollutants in wastewater through regular maintenance of water treatment facilities based on voluntary standards that are more rigorous than laws, regulations, ordinances, and agreements, including Japan's Water Pollution Prevention Act.
In addition to our efforts at refineries and smelters, we carry out continuous operations for the treatment of acid mine drainage at closed mines.
Preventing Marine Pollution
With regard to marine transport of oil, the ENEOS Group is required to comply with the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), an international convention developed by the International Maritime Organization that includes regulations for the prevention of environmental pollution by oil and the prohibition of waste discharge into oceans and seas.
In addition to fully complying with this convention, we take further steps to prevent marine pollution, such as taking incinerator ash as defined in the convention back to land for proper disposal rather than discharging it into the ocean.
Management of Closed Mines
Of the 39 closed mines managed by JX Nippon Mining & Metals, acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment is an ongoing obligation at 12 mines pursuant to the Mine Safety Act. JX Nippon Mining Ecomanagement manages these operations in the interest of maintaining and restoring the surrounding environment.
The main operations taking place in the management of closed mines include the treatment and detoxification of AMD, which is strongly acidic and contains heavy metals from ores remaining in the mines and tailings, as well as the maintenance and protection of tailings and mine shafts.
AMD comes from the mine water welling up from mines and wastewater discharged from mining facilities, and is generated continuously after a mine is closed as a result of the chemical reaction of rainwater and other water coming in contact with ores remaining in the mines and tailings in the dams and surrounding altered rock. Therefore, the operation of treatment facilities must be maintained continuously.
Closed Mines Where AMD Treatment Is Carried Out
Soil Contamination Countermeasures
ENEOS performs systematic surveys on all land that it owns that has the potential for soil or groundwater contamination, focusing particular efforts on property where refineries, oil depots, service stations and other facilities are located. If pollution is detected, we implement appropriate countermeasures to address it.
In addition, Nippo Corporation, a ENEOS Group company, has been involved in the contamination purification business since before Japan's Soil Contamination Countermeasures Act took effect.
Soil Surveys and Countermeasures in Fiscal 2018
(Expenditure: million yen)
|Number of cases||Expenditure||Number of cases||Expenditure|
Soil Contamination on Group Property Reported in Fiscal 2018
|Substance||Scale factor||Substance||Scale factor|
|Idle land||Aichi||Benzene||4.80||-||-||Countermeasures completed|
|Idle land||Aichi||Benzene||2.10||-||-||Countermeasures currently under implementation|